I love to teach Metaphors, Similes and all forms of figurative language to my students. It is important that students recognize the various forms of figurative language as they begin reading novels, and richer texts. Here are some tips to make teaching figurative language fun.
• Always teach figurative language in context. Metaphors are beautiful when read in a poem. Hyperbole is better understood when taught through reading a tall tale. Trying to introduce figurative language on it’s own is difficult for children to understand.
• Introduce elements of figurative language separately. Make sure that you give students time to digest personification, before moving on to introduce hyperbole.
• Encourage students to look for figurative language in their own independent reading. Once the skill has been introduced it’s amazing how often students can find figurative language on their own. Students love being able to show the teacher examples of personification, once they know what it is.
• Allow children time to write their own. Once children begin reading similes, it’s fun for them to create their own. Be sure to incorporate their figurative language into their own writing.
• Have students create a project. Once students have practiced a skill they enjoy showing it off. Having students create a culminating art or drama project is perfect. I recently created a series of tall tale figurative language lessons that teach metaphors, similes, hyperbole, personification, and idioms. Try my free Paul Bunyan and hyperbole lesson. Once the students have learned hyperbole they are able to create their own pop-up book. I made the lesson free, so feel free to download it and please leave feedback letting me know what you think.